Why should people in the eastern United States be concerned about earthquakes? Should you be indoors, first and foremost, take cover under a strong table or any other piece of furniture. Field, E.H., and 2014 Working Group on California Earthquake Probabilities, 2015, UCERF3: A new earthquake forecast for California’s complex fault system: U.S. Geological Survey 2015–3009, 6 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/fs20153009. Use a whistle if one is available. Credit: Brian Sherrod, USGS. The greatest danger exists directly outside buildings, at exits and alongside exterior walls. Detweiler, S.T., and Wein, A.M., eds., 2017, The HayWired earthquake scenario—Earthquake hazards (ver. What are the Great ShakeOut earthquake drills? What to Do During an Earthquake. Surviving a major earthquake involves making split-second decisions. What to Do During an Earthquake Drop down to your knees. Based on observations of an earthquake in Turkey, the idea doesn't apply to buildings constructed within the United States. Once in the open, stay there until the shaking stops. There are four basic steps you can take to be more prepared for an earthquake: Step 1: Secure your space by identifying hazards and securing moveable items. Get under a desk or table and hang on to it (Drop, Cover, and Hold on!) The USGS Earthquake Hazards Program - investing in a safer future; 2003; FS; 017-03; Filson, John R.; McCarthy, Jill; Ellsworth, William L.; Zoback, Mary Lou; Stauffer, Peter H.; Hendley, James W., II, Progress toward a safer future since the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake; 1999; FS; 151-99; Page, Robert A.; Stauffer, Peter H.; Hendley, James W., II, Geographic Names Information System (GNIS), Mapping, Remote Sensing, and Geospatial Data, Great Shakeout Earthquake Drills and Information. If you are on a quieter road, pull over to the side of the road and stop as quickly as safety permits and stay in the vehicle. The "Triangle of Life" is a misguided idea about the best location a person should try to occupy during an earthquake. Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center, Earth Resources Observation and Science Center, Congressional Briefing -- Citizen Science and Earthquakes: Reducing the Risk Through the Power of People. After an earthquake. Stay there until the shaking … Many inside doorways are lightly constructed and do not offer protection. For life-threatening emergencies call triple-zero (000). What can I expect in my house when an earthquake occurs? On the other hand, if you’re outdoors when an earthquake happens, stay outdoors. The primary goal of U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Natural Hazards Response is to ensure that the disaster response community has access to timely, accurate, and relevant geospatial products, imagery, and services during and after an emergency event. What can I do to be prepared for an earthquake? If you are at home or at work in the earthquake. Dave and Candy watched a news about earthquake. Don’t Freak Out--ShakeOut! The study comprised eight counties: Imperial, Kern, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, and Ventura. The U.S. Geological Survey and its partners are designing innovative tools to better detect earthquakes and share critical information. The involvement of citizens is key, as decisions made before and immediately after an earthquake can save lives and protect property. IDENTIFY: Look around your house for things that could fall or move. If you are in your car during an earthquake, do the following: Don't stop in the middle of the freeway if traffic is still moving around you. Stop as quickly as safety permits and stay in the vehicle. Man standing in front of collapsed home in Pengzhou. DROP down onto your hands and knees before the earthquake knocks you down. When you RESUME driving, watch for breaks in the pavement, fallen rocks, and bumps in the road at bridge approaches. Drop under heavy furniture such as a table, desk, bed or any solid furniture. If you are DRIVING -- stop, but carefully. Learn How Science Can Help Reduce the Risk of Loss of Life and Property When Natural Hazards Occur, "The Next Big Earthquake" — Still Helpful and Still Available; From USGS, PubTalk 1/2018 — ShakeAlert: Path to West Coast EQ Early Warning, Damage in central Oklahoma from a magnitude 5.6 earthquake in 2011, 1906 San Francisco Earthquake - Damage with Family in Foreground,  If you are INDOORS -- STAY THERE! How do I identify it? Avoid buildings, utility poles, and other objects which may fall during an earthquake and injure you. Practice Drop, Cover, and Hold On with each member of your household. United States Geological Survey (USGS) Natural Hazards Response; 2012; FS; 2012-3061; Lamb, Rynn; Jones, Brenda K. Understanding risk and resilience to natural hazards; 2011; FS; 2011-3008; Wood, Nathan. During an earthquake. Even a mild earthquake can cause panic, and result in loss of life and property, and lifelong trauma for its victims. If there isn’t a table or desk near you, cover your face and head with your arms and crouch in an inside corner of the building. This place should be away from windows and any furniture that could fall on you. Avoid roads, bridges, or ramps that might have been damaged by the earthquake. Panic always causes you to make mistakes and cause chaos by affecting those around you. This position protects you from falling but allows you to still move if necessary. Once in the open, stay there until the shaking stops. Move your car as far out of traffic as possible. This way the earthquake cannot knock you … Do not exit a building during the shaking. If you are in a MOUNTAINOUS AREA -- watch out for falling rock, landslides, trees, and other debris that could be loosened by quakes. Protect your head and stay low to the ground until the shaking ends and it is safe to move. During an Earthquake. ShakeOut GIF showing step five "minimize financial hardship" of the seven steps to earthquake safety. This is the initial publication of the results of a cooperative project to examine the implications of a major earthquake in southern California. Expect aftershocks. Dr. Jones said the next time you experience an earthquake that human nature is to get up and run outside. Earthquakes are scary, come without a warning, and hold the potential to cause serious destruction. She also tells him the things he needs to do during an earthquake. Where Do You Hide During Earthquake? When the ground starts to shake, what do you do?  Great ShakeOut 2019:  Drop, Cover, and Hold On! If you are indoors: "DROP, COVER, HOLD ON" Stay inside. Avoid stopping near or under buildings, trees, overpasses, and utility wires. Do not use the elevator. Shout only as a last resort. Tianjin is home to one of the schools that have set up the very first earthquake early warning systems in China. If you are OUTSIDE -- get into the OPEN, away from buildings, power lines, chimneys, and anything else that might fall on you. When the quake starts, drop to the floor as soon as you can (it’s easy to get thrown off your feet and injured if you try to run while the building is moving). Take cover. Its results will be used as the basis of an emergency response and preparedness... Earthquakes are one of the most costly natural hazards faced by the Nation, posing a significant risk to 75 million Americans in 39 States. Tap on a pipe or wall so rescuers can locate you. The 2014 Working Group on California Earthquake Probabilities calculated that there is a 33-percent likelihood of a large (magnitude 6.7 or... With innovations, fresh data, and lessons learned from recent earthquakes, scientists have developed a new earthquake forecast model for California, a region under constant threat from potentially damaging events. If an earthquake occurs in your vicinity and you are inside the building, then follow the “Drop, down and hold” technique. Bicycles crushed by falling unreinforced brick facade, Pacific Garden Mall. Please do not phone emergency services for general advice. Earthquake safe locations are the places you are going to take cover in when an earthquake strikes. DROP to the ground; take COVER by getting under a sturdy table or other piece of furniture; and HOLD ON until the shaking stops. Earthquakes? The contents of your home may be damaged and can be dangerous: Shaking can make light fixtures fall, refrigerators and other large items move across the floor, and bookcases and television sets topple over. Much of the old conventional wisdom with what to do during an earthquake — like run outside or stand in a doorway — isn’t actually the safest thing to do. Get under a desk or table and hang on to it (Drop, Cover, and Hold on!) Unlike tornadoes or hurricanes, earthquakes don't come with warnings. What rescuers and experts DO NOT recommend you do during an earthquake. Avoid stopping near or under buildings, trees, overpasses, and utility wires. If you live or work in the region, you need to know why you should be concerned with earthquakes, what you can expect during and after a quake, and what... PAGER (Prompt Assessment of Global Earthquakes for Response) is an automated alarm system being developed to rapidly and accurately assess the severity of damage caused by an earthquake and to provide emergency relief organizations, government agencies, and the media with an estimate of the societal impact from the potential catastrophe. Hold on and protect your head with a pillow, unless you are under a heavy light fixture that could fall. Check your coverage – it could affect your financial ability to recover losses after an earthquake. Last week's earthquake was a reminder for all of us about earthquake safety. As you drop down to your hands and knees, look around for a safe place to find cover, such as a nearby table. Research conducted by USGS geophysicist Elizabeth Cochran and her university-based colleagues suggests that this earthquake was induced by injection into deep disposal wells in the Wilzetta North field. If you’re indoors during an earthquake, stay indoors. Proceed cautiously once the earthquake has stopped. The HayWired scenario is a hypothetical earthquake sequence that is being used to better understand hazards for the San Francisco Bay region during and after an earthquake of magnitude 7 on the Hayward Fault. But what should you do during an earthquake to ensure your safety? Take cover under the furniture and hold it until the shaking of ground stops. There are number of things you can do to stay safe during an earthquake. What To Do Before, During, and After an Earthquake Recent earthquakes remind us that we live on a restless planet. They may create a spark that could ignite leaking gas and cause an explosion and fire DO NOT use your telephone, EXCEPT for a medical or... Detweiler, S.T., and Wein, A.M., eds., 2017, The HayWired earthquake scenario: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2017–5013, https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20175013. Cover your head and neck with one hand while crawling over to that item. 1) Severe earthquakes have occurred in the eastern U.S.: In November of 1755, an earthquake with an estimated magnitude of 6.0 and a maximum intensity of VIII occurred about 50 miles northeast of Boston, Massachusetts. During the earthquake, first of all, drop down on the ground and then search for any furniture by which you can cover yourself. Research has shown that most injuries occur when people inside buildings attempt to move to a different location inside the building or try to leave. From this came our belief that a doorway is the safest place to be during an earthquake. Here's what you should do the next time you find yourself in an earthquake. Remember “drop, cover, hold on.” Cover your head and if you’re nearby a sturdy object or like a piece of furniture, hold on until the shaking stops. STAY CLEAR of windows, fireplaces, and heavy furniture or appliances. If you are INDOORS -- STAY THERE! During an earthquake. Move a few steps to a nearby safe place if need be. Ensure you do the following if you are indoors during an earthquake: Ensure you do the following if you are outdoors during an earthquake: Ensure you do the following if you are in a moving vehicle during an earthquake: Ensure you do the following if you are trapped under debris during or after an earthquake: Community Emergency Risk Assessment (CERA), If you are in a moving vehicle during an earthquake. If you are not able to get any furniture for cover, then place your hand on the head and sit do… 1 weather alerts 1 closings/delays. What should I do DURING an earthquake? However, an earthquake could occur any time of the day or night so it pays to be prepared if you are unfortunately caught in the middle of one. An early earthquake photo shows a collapsed adobe home with the doorframe the only part left standing. DO NOT stop on or under a bridge or overpass or under trees, light posts, power lines, or signs. The greatest danger exists directly outside buildings, at exits and alongside … Cover your mouth with a handkerchief or clothing. You must learn what to do urgently if you are inside the building, driving, outside, or traveling by public transport during an earthquake. There are certain dos and don’ts that can help you during an earthquake. What should you do during an earthquake? Do … To accomplish this goal, products and services provided by the National Geospatial Program (NGP)... Natural hazards threaten the safety and economic wellbeing of communities. Discuss earthquake insurance with your insurance broker. 1.2, December 2018): U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2017–5013–A–H, 126 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20175013v1. But there are many important things we can do before, during, and after an earthquake to protect ourselves, our homes, and our families. From evacuation and shelter to first aid, earthquake drills have become regular practice for students. If an earthquake happens, protect yourself right away: If you are in a car, pull over and stop. If you're outside, stay outside. DO NOT run outside or to other rooms during … While in a building during an earthquake, the best thing to do is follow the drop, cover, and hold procedure. This handbook provides information to residents of the Central United States about the threat of earthquakes in that area, particularly along the New Madrid seismic zone, and explains how to prepare for, survive, and recover from such events. If you are INDOORS -- STAY THERE! What should I do DURING an earthquake? In an earthquake, if you are on an upper story of a building, do not try to leave the building during the earthquake. Stay inside until the shaking stops and it is safe to go outside. But that’s the wrong thing to do. If you are indoors, stay indoors unless you are in the ground floor (first floor to Americans) where you can easily … Move away from buildings, streetlights, and utility wires. Pull over to a shoulder as quickly as possible. In that case, move to the nearest safe place. Move away from buildings, streetlights, and utility wires. … Los Angeles will have the nation's toughest earthquake safety rules, ESC Seminar: HayWired Scenario Progress Discussion. CGTN brings you … What to do during an earthquake. If you live downstream from a dam, you should know flood-zone information and have prepared an evacuation plan. Stay in bed if you are there when the earthquake strikes. These hazards include sudden-onset hazards, such as earthquakes, and slowly emerging, chronic hazards, such as those associated with climate change. The ShakeAlert earthquake early warning system will begin limited operations this year. We consulted FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency) to find out what to do if you’re driving during an earthquake: 1. Also, try to avoid windows and outside doors. Be aware that the electricity may go out or the sprinkler systems or fire alarms may turn on. If you're indoors, stand against a wall near the center of the building, stand in a doorway, or crawl under heavy furniture (a desk or table). The ShakeOut Scenario; 2008; OFR; 2008-1150; Jones, Lucile M.; Bernknopf, Richard; Cox, Dale; Goltz, James; Hudnut, Kenneth; Mileti, Dennis; Perry, Suzanne; Ponti, Daniel; Porter, Keith; Reichle, Michael; Seligson, Hope; Shoaf, Kimberley; Treiman, Jerry; Wein, Anne, Earthquake Hazards - A National Threat; 2006; FS; 2006-3016; USGS Science Helps Build Safer Communities; Geological Survey (U.S.), Putting down roots in earthquake country : your handbook for the San Francisco Bay region; 2005; GIP; 15; Geological Survey (U.S.). This handbook provides information about the threat posed by earthquakes in the San Francisco Bay region and explains how you can prepare for, survive, and recover from these inevitable events. As soon as you feel the ground shaking beneath you, immediately drop to the ground, before the ground can drop you! While you may be thinking about what to do during an earthquake, you must first know that the earthquake itself doesn’t harm you. Make sure you have a fire extinguisher, first aid kit, a battery-powered radio, a flashlight, and extra batteries at home. These secondary shock waves are usually less violent than the main quake but can be strong enough to do additional damage to weakened structures and can occur in the first hours, days, weeks, or even months after the quake. Based on years of research about how people are injured or killed during earthquakes, and the experiences of U.S. and international search and rescue teams, these three actions are not recommended to protect yourself during earthquakes:. With a press run of more than three million copies, "The Next Big Earthquake In The Bay Area May Come Sooner Than You Think-- Are You Prepared?" COVER your head and neck (and your entire body if possible) underneath a sturdy table or desk. is the most widely distributed publication ever prepared by the U.S. Geological Survey. Nine years after it’s publication, it is still available from the USGS, and still helpful as a preparedness guide for Bay Area residents. Stay there until the shaking stops. What can be done? Protect yourself during earthquake shaking: Drop, Cover, and Hold On The best way to shelter in place is to drop, cover, and hold on. Boston was heavily damaged. Get under a desk or table and hang on to it (. Why you shouldn't stand in a door jamb or go outside during an earthquake, Why you shouldn't stand in a door jamb or go outside during an earthquake, 1 weather alerts 1 closings/delays. It is best if there is something sturdy you can hold on to. Are You Safe When A Natural Hazard Strikes? Failure of unreinforced brick masonry caused collapse of the upper floor in downtown Los Gatos. STAY INSIDE your car until the shaking stops. Stay calm! Putting down roots in earthquake country-Your handbook for earthquakes in the Central United States; 2011; GIP; 119; Contributors: Dart, Richard; McCarthy, Jill; McCallister, Natasha; Williams, Robert A. If you are outdoors during an earthquake. Reston, VA – More Americans are at risk from being severely impacted by natural hazards now than any other time in our nation’s history. WEAR STURDY SHOES to avoid injury from broken glass and debris. ForewordThe 1906 Great San Francisco earthquake (magnitude 7.8) and the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake (magnitude 6.9) each motivated residents of the San Francisco Bay region to build countermeasures to earthquakes into the fabric of the region. Don’t shout, don’t hurry, … Ensure you do the following if you are outdoors during an earthquake: Stay there. Stay away from glass, windows, outside doors and walls, and anything that could fall, such as lighting fixtures or furniture. If you are in bed, turn face down and cover your head and neck with a pillow. In the United States, 1 in 4 people live with the risk of earthquakes. Make or purchase an earthquake safety kit. Catastrophic failure is unlikely, but dams can fail during major earthquakes. Wherever you are when an earthquake starts, take cover immediately. Step 1: What to Do Before an Earthquake? Candy explains to Dave what an earthquake is. You should definitely not panic. Shouting can cause you to inhale dangerous amounts of dust. Menu. Before an Earthquake It is important for individuals, families, or move into a hallway or against an inside wall. Usually, when the earthquake starts, you should drop down on the floor and find shelter below a desk or similar sturdy and resilient piece of furniture. You should stand against a wall near the center of the building or crawl under heavy furnitures like a desk or table. Step 3: Organize disaster supplies in convenient locations. Your earthquake safety plan will provide for you and your loved ones during the shaking and what happens after an earthquake. What is the "Triangle of Life" and is it legitimate? Man standing in front of collapsed homes in residential area in Dujiangyan. Move a few steps to a nearby safe place if need be. 1. Find out how you can save yourself and protect your family in case of an earthquake. Stay away from windows and outside doors. If you're indoors, stay inside. You should assume … ShakeOut GIF showing what to do in an earthquake if you are near a sturdy desk or table. 2. Step 4: Minimize... Fire extinguisher Adequate supplies of medications that you or family members are taking Crescent and pipe wrenches to turn off gas and water supplies First-aid kit and handbook Flashlights with extra bulbs and batteries Portable radio with extra batteries Water for each family member for at least two weeks (allow at least 1 gallon per person per... DO NOT turn on the gas again if you turned it off; let the gas company do it DO NOT use matches, lighters, camp stoves or barbecues, electrical equipment, appliances UNTIL you are sure there are no gas leaks. Step 2: Plan to be safe by creating a disaster plan and deciding how you will communicate in an emergency. Wherever you are when an earthquake starts, take cover immediately. So, how does the early warning system work? Composite photo of 1906 damaged buildings and modern family in foreground, Example of a home emergency first aid kit. A disaster plan and deciding how you will communicate in an earthquake if you outdoors. Do n't come with warnings strongly supported, load-bearing doorway and it is safe to move bridge.! And what happens after an earthquake, stay there until the shaking stops him the things needs. Neck with a pillow can hold on with each member of your home turn face down and cover your and! 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