LOCAL HISTORY. As a result of the loss of the American colonies 30,000 to 35,000 people, who remained loyal to Britain, carne to Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. The “Aroostook War” was bloodless (but politically very tense), and the boundary was subsequently settled by the Webster-Ashburton Treaty of 1842. ... 21 Things to do in Fredericton New Brunswick Canada | Attractions Travel Guide - Duration: 10:43. Students Kathleen Farquhar and I, Spencer Thompson, from St Thomas University, and Ian Forbes from McGill will be hard at work all summer helping to make the Portal a reality. Although it is possible that Vikings may have reached as far south as New Brunswick, the first known European exploration of New Brunswick was that of French explorer Jacques Cartier in 1534, who discovered and named the Bay of Chaleur. The display cases were organized in a generalized geographic order to show changes through time , though many of the images overlap between areas (especially the air photos and maps). N.p., n.d. Immigrate After Studying in New Brunswick. First Link ® First Link® connects New Brunswick families living with Alzheimer's disease and other forms of dementia with services and supports as early as possible in their journey. New Brunswick was one of the first provinces, along with Ontario, Québec and Nova Scotia, to join together to form the Dominion of Canada in 1867. © 2021 MyNewBrunswick.ca. Explore the fishing village of St John in New Brunswick with your guide. As the 20th century dawned, the province’s economy again began to expand. It was one of the four original provinces making up the national confederation in 1867. The 418-mile- (673-km-) long St. John River, with its numerous tributaries, drains the entire northwestern, central, and south-central parts of the province. The New Brunswick Scottish Portal has hired three students for the summer. While New Brunswick's history of slavery may not have been as widespread as in the United States and the Caribbean, it was real enough for the individuals who lived through it. Additional immigration to New Brunswick in the early part of the 19th century was from Scotland; western England; and Waterford, Ireland, often after first having come through (or having lived in) Newfoundland. 23 November 2018: We have just added Aiton Families in New Brunswick: The Scottish Immigrant Hugh Aiton (1784-1862) and His Descendants and Relatives in Canada to the website. Some of the interesting facts you'll learn about your surname: Meaning and History … As Colonel Thomas Dundas wrote from Saint John, “They [the loyalists] have experienced every possible injury from the old inhabitants of Nova Scotia.” Therefore, 55 prominent merchants and professionals petitioned for 5,000-acre (20 km2) grants each. Saint John Harbour was first entered probably in 1524 by Gomez (A Spaniard) and named Rio De La Buelta. A large influx of settlers arrived in New Brunswick after 1845 from Ireland as a result of the Potato Famine; many of these people settled in Saint John or Chatham. Fredericton, Saint John, and Moncton all sit on rivers that have played a significant role in their economic history. The largest number of Black people ever to come to New Brunswick arrived in the years 1783-84 with the United Empire Loyalists. Discover its history. In 1795, Greenwich was apportioned from Kingston. ... Jacquet River and Tetagouche River map-areas, New Brunswick. Throughout the mid 19th century, shipbuilding on the Bay of Fundy shore, on the Petitcodiac River, at Chatham on the Miramichi River, and at Bathurst in the Bay of Chaleur, became a dominant industry in New Brunswick. Forested hills rising behind a small farm near Waterford, N.B. 776,827. New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program. The majority of the population is English-speaking of Anglo and Celtic heritage, but there is also a large Francophone minority (33%), chiefly of Acadian origin. The total land and water area of the province is 72,908 km2 (28,150 sq mi), over 80 percent of which is forested. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Frame beautiful shots of the lighthouse and twin bridges as the ocean swirls in the background. There were several actions on New Brunswick soil during the American Revolutionary War: the Maugerville Rebellion (1776), the Battle of Fort Cumberland (1776), the Siege of Saint John (1777) and the Battle at Miramichi (1779). Its beautiful forests, rivers, lakes, and seashore—attractions for tourists, hunters, and sport fishermen—have remained relatively unspoiled. The enslavement of black people has a hidden history in New Brunswick. The next French contact was in 1604, when a party led by Pierre du Gua de Monts and Samuel de Champlain set up camp for the winter on St. Croix Island, between present-day New Brunswick and Maine. Upham was separated from Hampton in 1835, Studholm from Sussex in 1840, Havelock from Studholm in 1858, Hammond from Upham in 1858, Kars from Kingston in 1859, Rothesay from Hampton in1870, and Cardwell and Waterfo… In addition to employment opportunities across a variety of sectors or vibrant entrepreneurial landscape; people are choosing New Brunswick to enjoy a more relaxed, healthy, and affordable lifestyle. The Battle of Fort Cumberland was the largest and most significant of these conflicts. Although smaller, the Bouctouche River, Richibucto River and Kouchibouguac River are also important. This hilly landmass is cut in every direction by an extensive river system. The three major urban centres are all in the southern third of the province. The northeast, especially around Bathurst, produces zinc, copper, lead, silver, and peat moss. The New Brunswick and Nova Scotia Land Company, a means of transferring land held by the Crown to individual owners, was chartered in New Brunswick in 1831. Initial Loyalist population growth in the new colony extended along the Fundy coastline from Saint Andrews to Saint Martins and up the Kennebecasis and lower Saint John River valleys. New Brunswick is the largest of Canada’s three Maritime provinces. The English-speaking majority consists largely of the descendants of Scottish, Irish, and English settlers of the 18th and 19th centuries, along with those descended from loyalists who fled the American Revolution. New Brunswick – New Brunswick, Provincial Returns of Births and Late Registr… Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada 2014. 1534-07-07 European colonization of the Americas: first known exchange between Europeans and natives of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, in New Brunswick 1783-05-18 First United Empire Loyalists reach Parrtown, Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada after leaving the United States 1825-10-07 Miramichi Fire - forest fire disaster in New Brunswick Both Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island are either surrounded by, or are almost completely surrounded by water. New Brunswick History [edit | edit source] Acadia [edit | edit source]. There are many reasons to move to New Brunswick. New Brunswick, Death Certificates, 1935-1938 Images. Descendants of the province’s first inhabitants, the Indians (First Nations), remain in small numbers on federally administered reserves (reservations) along the east coast or in the St. John valley, or they have integrated into neighbouring communities. Founded about 1760 by shipwrecked French seamen, it is one of the province’s The goal of the Portal is to create a comprehensive online database of New Brunswick’s Scottish settlers. New Brunswick was one of the first provinces, along with Ontario, Québec and Nova Scotia, to join together to form the Dominion of Canada in 1867. New Brunswick’s first residents were the Maliseet and Mi’kmaq people whose history is best preserved at the Augustine Mound erected near Metepnákiaq. Inside Fort Beauséjour, the British forces found not only French regular troops, but also Acadian irregulars. Other actions in the war included British expeditions up the Saint John River in the St. John River Campaign. New Brunswick differs from the other Maritime provinces physiographically, climatologically, and ethnoculturally. Discover your potential at UNB. The southeast corner of the province is connected to the Nova Scotia peninsula by the narrow Isthmus of Chignecto. About. Rolls ~ History ~ Treaties ~ Census ~ Books. The Marco Polo, a clipper ship holding the round-trip speed record between Liverpool and Australia, was launched from Saint John in 1851. Both Saint John and the Miramichi region remain largely Irish today. From the early 16th century, they developed contacts with the Europeans and established a trade, which made them dependent on European technologies and victims of European diseases. The Maliseet from their headquarters at Meductic on the Saint John River, participated with the French in numerous guerilla raids and battles against New England during Father Rale’s War and King William’s War. Author of. In the 20th century, small contingents of eastern European, Dutch, German, Italian, and Asian immigrants added a multicultural dimension, mostly in the larger urban areas. Northern New Brunswick is dominated by the Appalachian Mountains within the Eastern Canadian forests ecoregion, with the northwestern part of the province consisting of the remote and rugged Miramichi Highlands as well as the Chaleur Uplands and the Notre Dame Mountains, with a maximum elevation at Mount Carleton of 817 m (2,680 ft). Before you on the shore you find a lumber camp, a place to sleep, food and occasional respite from a hard life in the woods. Discover its history. When hearing constitutional cases, Courts must follow both Updates? There are many different ways to explore this unique region, depending on […] New Brunswick - History and Culture. This caused what is known to historians as Father Le Loutre’s War, because of the contended possession which had been in issue since before 1713. Financed by shares sold in England, this company purchased large areas of Canadian land at low prices, promising to develop roads, mills and towns. Temperatures at Fredericton range from an extreme low of −35 °F (−37 °C) to an extreme high of 99 °F (37 °C). We are non-profit and self-fund our travels with donations from supporting businesses and campgrounds. The name was soon replaced with New Brunswick by King George II. Following confederation, the fears of the anti-confederates were proven correct as new national policies and trade barriers were soon adopted by the central government, thus disrupting the historic trading relationship between the Maritime Provinces and New England. The New Brunswick Genealogical Society facilitates genealogical research. timeline New Brunswick. The purple violet is the official flower of New Brunswick. New Brunswick – Ready reference book of New Brunswick and year book of the province Carleton County – A history of the schools of Carleton County [New Brunswick] Northumberland – School returns, 1830-1852 Biography. In the mid-1960s, forestry practices changed from the controlled harvests of a commodity to the cultivation of the forests. Perhaps unknown to many is the fact that among the first establishments in Acadia, the French had also settled where we know today as New Brunswick. Allaby, G.M. Learn about the people who lived there through stories, old newspaper articles, pictures, postcards and genealogy. The latter two bodies of water are separated by the narrow neck of the Chignecto Isthmus, which joins New Brunswick to Nova Scotia, to the southeast. Professor Emeritus in History, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton. The New Brunswick Museum (and its predecessor) in Saint John has been an exhibitor of natural and human history for over 150 years. The ancestors of the majority of the Blacks living in New Brunswick came from the United States and the West Indies. Albert, Carleton, Charlotte, Gloucester, Kent, Kings, Madawaska, Northumberland, Queens, Restigouche, Saint John, Sunbury, Victoria, Westmorland, York. Welcome! Community. The rivers and coasts lie in the eastern flyway of numerous migrating birds, best seen in early to mid-spring and late summer. This is a history of Forest Protection Limited’s association with some 88 TBM Avenger aircraft used in the spruce budworm aerial spray program, primarily in the province of New Brunswick, Canada. Obituaries Posted Within the Last 10 Year(s) ... Free Surname Meanings and History Lookup NEW!!! New Brunswick changed from more than two-thirds rural before 1941 to predominantly urban by 1971. New Brunswick is one of three provinces collectively known as the "Maritimes." The whole maritime region (and parts of Maine) was at that time claimed by France and was designated as the colony of Acadia. Capture Canada’s rugged coastline on camera on this 5-hour Fundy Coast to Fundy Shore photography tour. During the winter of 1838–39, the situation quickly deteriorated, with both Maine and New Brunswick calling out their respective militias. Nova Scotia was therefore partitioned. New Brunswick, Provincial Returns of Deaths, 1815-1919 Images only. The province is named for the city of Braunschweig, known in English and Low German (the language originally spoken in the area) as Brunswick, located in modern-day Lower Saxony in northern Germany (and also the former duchy of the same name). William F. Ganong, A monograph of the place-nomenclature of the Province of New Brunswick (Ottawa, Ontario: J. Durie, 1896). A major French fortification, the Fortress of Louisbourg, was also built on Île Royale (now Cape Breton Island) after Queen Anne’s War, but the function of this fort was mostly to defend the approaches to the colony of Canada, not the lost province of Acadia. Your Eyes Will Deceive You at Magnetic Hill! 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