What exactly the wedding garment symbolizes is not generally agreed on among Christian theologians. God’s work for us in His overwhelming love and mercy is represented in three parts of this parable. However, as you observe more closely, you find dirt, wear, and other imperfections. We read of similar people in the Parable of the Wedding Feast, who declined the king's invitation to care for their farms or businesses. But when the king came in to look at the guests, he saw there a man who had no wedding garment. As we become one with Him and submit to taking on His image, we have a righteousness that does not come from our works but from God's work in us. This is why the king reacts so swiftly and harshly: “Bind him hand and foot, take him away, and cast him into outer darkness; there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth” (Matthew 22:13). The Parable of the Wedding Robe: Matthew 22:11-14. 2. It might be better phrased, “Why are you not wearing a wedding garment, even though one was provided for you?”. The guests, who were invited had put on their wedding garment, except one. This bearing of fruit is the requirement of being chosen, as Jesus explains in John 15:1-8. By the marriage is represented the union of humanity with divinity; the wedding garment represents the character which all must possess who shall be accounted fit guests for the wedding. The guest without a wedding garment entered and had taken place at the table. Therefore, the “old” elements in this parable could be any system of belief aside from what became available through Christ. In the parable of the wedding feast, Jesus compared the Kingdom of heaven to a king, who made a marriage for his son. Many people make resolutions at the start of a new year. In the parable, the man without a wedding garment represents all those who have joined the Church for reasons other than love for Christ. When the king comes in to look at the guests, what distinction does he make? Everything in the holiness code, the sacrifices, and so forth was intended to point to Christ. This is the end portion of Jesus’ larger teaching of the wedding feast. His judgment is not against the man's lack of a wedding garment per se, but that he did not intend to wear one. 22 And again Jesus spoke to them in parables, saying, 2 “The kingdom of heaven may be compared to a king who gave a wedding feast for his son, 3 and sent his servants  to call those who were invited to the wedding feast, but they would not come. Instead, we must put on His righteousness and be conformed to it so that it fits and covers us appropriately. He had no excuse. Hymn numbers are for All God’s People Sing. In fact, they were sufficient unto themselves with their farms and shops; they felt they had need of nothing (Revelation 3:17). Here, therefore, the "wedding garment" is nothing less than the "holiness" without which "no man shall see the Lord" (Hebrews 12:14), and that holiness, as in the framework of the parable and in the realities of the spiritual life, Christ is ever ready to impart to him that truly believes. So, a second, more urgent invitation was sent out to the same people, as time was getting short, but the invitees paid little heed to it, caught up in their own activities and ventures. As Jesus puts it, “He becomes unfruitful” (Matthew 13:22). Jesus begins with an example of old and new garments: “No one puts a piece from a new garment on an old one; otherwise the new makes a tear, and also the piece that was taken out of the new does not match the old.” In Scripture, going all the way back to the Garden of Eden, garments or clothing are common symbols of righteousness. The wedding garment then, tells us quite simply, that those who have put on the Lord Jesus Christ must behave in such a way that people see Jesus in them. It would be a gross insult to the king to refuse to wear the garment provided to the guests. Today’s Bible Quote of the Day Reflections. The sense of his question is one of incredulity. The matter of the wedding garment is instructive. In the parable, the king finds a man at the feast who is not wearing a wedding garment. In those times, travel over long distances was far slower than today, so plans needed to be made long in advance. He then sent forth his servants to call them that had been invited to the wedding but they refused to come. The king was rightly furious, and he mustered his forces to avenge his maltreated servants to erase the disrespect shown to him. Explain that the white represents the purity of God, which we receive through faith in Jesus Christ. Upon encountering their first trial, they fold like a cheap suitcase. By the marriage is represented the union of humanity with divinity; the wedding garment represents the character which all must possess who shall … However, those invited, though possibly honored by the invitation, declined to attend the wedding. 11 But when the king came in to view the guests, he looked intently at a man there who had on no wedding garment. When asked why, the man is speechless. How many good things do you have to do to change that status? Firstly, the invitation and how people respond to it. However, many Jews would not receive it, rejecting its prophets and teachers and, especially, Jesus Himself. Christ's being taken away makes the “newness” possible, and once that “newness” is available, it is wholly incompatible with the old. Teaching Kids How to Make Faith-Based Resolutions, Teaching the Twelve Apostles: James the Lesser. In fact, the Pharisees in Jesus' audience did not actually represent the Old Covenant. Or walking in the steps of others to avoid a fall? He rejects no one for being “bad” but rather for their lack of wearing a wedding garment. In Jesus’ parable, the man who refused to wear a wedding garment was bound, taken away and cast into outer darkness. This daily newsletter provides a starting point for personal study, and gives valuable insight into the verses that make up the Word of God. John O. Reid (1930-2016) Pastor Phil Rigdon and his wife, Jamelyn, live in Kendallville, Indiana, with their pet chinchilla, Sunshine. Most surprising of all is the end of the story. Because Jesus was taken away, His righteousness is available to us, so we need to discard any thought that our own is suitable. To refuse the garment is insulting to the giver. They, too, spurned their calling. We are to regard all people as equally in need of what God has to offer in Jesus Christ. Here the dispensational aspect of the parable comes to an end. The parable suggests that, not only did the man not have on a wedding garment, but he did so intentionally. “A wedding garment.” The garment was part of the King’s provision, but he refused it. It is not just the Old Covenant. Let’s start off with the Parable of the Wedding Feast. But when the king came in to look at the guests, he saw there a man who had no wedding garment. There’s always a twist that his audience didn’t see coming. Certainly, Judaism makes use of the writings of Moses and the prophets, but it also leans heavily on the traditions of Jewish scholars and is infused with Greek philosophy. Parable of the Wedding Garment I would be somewhere out in public and find myself missing one or more pieces of clothing. Instead, God gave them tunics made of skin (verse 21), requiring the life of an animal, representing the Lamb of God giving His life to cover sin. And he said to him, “Friend, how did you get in here without a wedding garment?” And he was speechless. Matthew 22:1-13 contains the Parable of the Wedding Garment, whose lesson is that inappropriate clothing will keep a person out of a wedding feast. However, God compares us to Himself. Because he does not spend time with God or thinking about His way, he stops growing. Some commentators suggest that the wedding clothes or garment in this parable were provided by the host, but this is unlikely to be the intended implication. When Phil is not giving raisins to Sunshine, he serves as pastor at St. John Lutheran Church and School in Kendallville. One person may live a less destructive, more benevolent life when compared to another person. 20. who was without a wedding garment. Unlike most wedding feasts, however, this one involves a king and his son, some ornery invitees, cold-blooded murder, the destruction of cities, and a ragtag group of afterthought guests. By the marriage is represented the union of humanity with divinity; the wedding garment represents the character which all must possess who shall be accounted fit guests for the wedding. The Parable of the Wedding Garment: Matthew 22:10–14. The Parable of the Wedding Banquet: An Exposition of Matthew 22:1-14. Clothing, Wineskins, and Wine. God calls you and me to forgive... Do you remember having a snow day from school? After all the guests have assembled, the king spots a man without a wedding garment and orders that he be shown the door. Augustine of Hippo interpreted the garment as symbolizing charity, an interpretation not widely accepted even in medieval times. “Sent Forth by God’s Blessing” (hymn 208). Isaiah 64:6 says that “all our righteousnesses are like filthy rags.” The Pharisees had a righteousness, but Jesus asserts that our righteousness must exceed theirs (Matthew 5:20), meaning that we need to have His righteousness imputed to us, which becomes our new covering, our new garment. The verses that we heard this morning, from the twenty-second chapter of St. Matthew, are comprised of one of Christ's parables, that in which He compares the Kingdom of Heaven to a great marriage feast. To the modern-day reader, the phrase “bad and good” in verse 10 may suggest that God divides people based on their behavior or innate worth. Their understanding is that a good person is a Jew, faithful to the teaching of Moses and the Pharisees. The call to the feast. A. The wedding garment is simply mentioned here as being a test of loyalty to those who came to the marriage feast, and as a mode by which rebellion was avowed and loyalty made apparent. They stated by their actions that they cared little for the king and his son. When challenged, the man is speechless. See what over 145,000 subscribers are already receiving each day. In reality, no one is good except God Himself. Even if one is poor, there is pressure to put on a good show. In other words, he quits producing the kind of character growth God wants to see in him. Lead students around the classroom. Such a person becomes distracted by the world and chooses to prioritize God, not first, but further down the list. . Verse 10 suggests that the wedding was populated with both “bad and good” people as the world defines. The wedding garment was a sign of respect to him who had provided the feast and presided over it: judge today whether you have the wedding garment on, by enquiring whether you honour and reverence the Lord God, and labour to be obedient to him in all things. According to the parable as recorded in Matthew 22:1-13, Jesus Christ likened the kingdom of heaven to a certain king, who made a marriage feast on the occasion of the wedding of his son. Unfortunately, many modern-day readers share the view of the Jewish leaders, including a fair number of Christians. It is here that Jesus inserts His somewhat cryptic phrase, “For many are called, but few are chosen” (Matthew 22:14). To introduce the lesson, lead a discussion on what it means to be “good” and “bad.” How many bad things can you do before you are a bad person? What Jesus did on the cross is enough to forgive any sin. While Jesus’ parable of the wedding garment is relatively brief, it presents two fundamental teachings of the Christian faith: God’s definitions of “good” and “bad” are vastly different from our own, and there is salvation only by grace through faith in Christ. The parable is a series of contrasts between new and old. Parable Of The Wedding/Banquet #1 – Matthew 22: 1-14 – English Standard Version (ESV) [Please keep reading for The Parable Of The Wedding Garment, The Great Banquet, etc.] The parable of the wedding garment, given in Matthew 22:1–14, opens before us a lesson of the highest consequence. And Jesus said to him, “Why do you call Me good? When the king entered the wedding hall, he noticed that one guest clearly stood out from all the others because he was not wearing a wedding garment. The Bereans "received the word with all readiness, and searched the Scriptures daily to find out whether these things were so" (Acts 17:10-11). Jesus was using a variation of stories with which His hearers were familiar. For example, some, facing the prospect of losing a job because of keeping of the Sabbath, rationalized that God would not want them to fail to support their families and so left the church, considering God's way to be too difficult. See what over 145,000 subscribers are already receiving each day. There was one guest. A marriage has been arranged for the king's son, and the initial invitations were sent out so all on the guest list could make plans to attend. Instead, the wedding banquet is intended for all. In verses 20-21, Jesus describes those who receive God's Word “with joy,” but they lack depth—their spiritual roots are so shallow that they are easily withered by adversity. We can assume that those attending the wedding feast are given garments upon entering. The Parable. The Parable of the Sower both warns and advises us on the course of our lives once we hear “the word of the kingdom” (verse 19). Seeing that many of the Jews reject Him, Jesus continues with the portion on the garment, broadening the message to apply to the Gentiles as well and stressing the importance of salvation through Jesus only. At various times I've had this recurring dream. After Adam and Eve sinned, they tried to cover themselves with something they made with their own hands (Genesis 3:7). The wedding garment was, moreover, a sign of honour for the Prince. But, just as it makes no sense to tear off a piece from a new garment to patch an old one, so is it also a futile exercise to try to keep our own righteousness intact and use a little bit of Christ's righteousness to cover a flaw here and there. In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.” For many are called, but few are chosen. In these the Kingdom of Heaven is presented as the wedding banquet of a certain king's son -obviously God's. The parable of the wedding garment opens before us a lesson of the highest consequence. God intended that covenant to prepare His people for the coming of the Messiah. Vs. 1-2 The king prepared a great wedding feast for His son. a. The wedding garment itself represents salvation by grace through faith in Jesus Christ. 1. Perhaps we regard ourselves as automatically chosen, that we “have it made.” That is dangerous thinking! The Parable of the Wedding Feast . Of the guests who have been gathered one is unworthy. It contains new and old clothing, new and old wineskins, and new and old wine. 1-14.This contains two related parables. We can conclude that, while God's calling is widespread—going to “as many as [His servants] find” (Matthew 22:9)—those who respond to His invitation and whom He subsequently chooses to wear a wedding garment are a far smaller group. He had defiantly refused to put one on. So the wedding hall was filled with guests. In the same way, some people may appear perfect, but in reality we all need what God has to offer in Christ. The man desired the honor of attending the wedding feast, but he did not want to follow the custom of the king. The parable of the wedding garment opens before us a lesson of the highest consequence. God's calling clearly corresponds with the king's invitation, and indeed, the invitation went out to both the original guest list (Israel/Judah, whose people were killed in war and whose city, Jerusalem, was burned; Matthew 22:7) and then to mankind generally. Martin Luther … Remember that Jesus is talking to Jews and their leaders. The Jewish Rabbis often told two parables about wedding feast. The reason the gospel has a lot to do with the first reading for Mass, and the responsorial psalm too though, is because of the wedding garment in this parable: “But when the king came in to meet the guests he saw a man there not dressed in a wedding garment. I’ll include a few thoughts on Law and Gospel, some ideas for presenting this parable, and couple of song suggestions. It was not just that he lacked a wedding garment, but that he did not wear one on purpose. Just as the king provided the wedding garment for the guests, God provides salvation. The King ( God ) planned a great occasion for His subjects ( Jews ) to share in a time of feasting with His Son ( the blessings of the kingdom ) & to rejoice in His marriage ( to the church ), but His subjects ( Jews ) would have no part of this feast ( which they proved by rejecting Jesus ), so the invitation was … The custom in those days was for the one hosting the wedding feast—in this case, the king—to provide garments for the wedding guests. The man without a wedding garment.—Though this feature has no connection with the polemic against the Sanhedrists, it does not follow, as even Weiss (Matthäus-Evang.) So the wedding hall was filled with guests. Extravagant amounts of money are spent for the ceremony and the reception. Matthew 22:1-13 contains the Parable of the Wedding Garment, whose lesson is that inappropriate clothing will keep a person out of a wedding feast. The two coverings are incompatible—we have to choose one or the other. Another group appears in verse 22: those in whom “the cares of this world and the deceitfulness of riches choke the word.” Some among us in former days partook of a slice of success in this world, and their wealth and position eventually became more important to them than doing what God asks of His people. No one is good except God alone.”. In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth”. The king instructs his attendants: “Bind him hand and foot and cast him into the outer darkness. Revelation 19:8 defines this symbol: The wedding garment identifies the righteous, those who lived according to God's ways. Third, God provides the wedding garment. Isaiah … Those who put on the wedding garment as good as said, … 22: 1-14 Page 2 I. And those servants went out into the roads and gathered all whom they found, both bad and good. Our emphasis, especially now as the times worsen, must be on working to make sure we are chosen. Greetings, from Fr. admits, that it was not an authentic part of a parable spoken by Jesus. God secures your steps as you move... Mission work is important for every Christian. The system of beliefs and practices that developed into Judaism is not the same thing as the Old Covenant. He wanted to do things his own way. THE WEDDING GARMENT (Matthew 22:1-14) A. In this way the wedding was finally furnished with guests. What the Bible says about 22:1-14 by Father James Thornton. Recall Psalm 14:3: They have all turned aside; together they have become corrupt; there is none who does good, not even one. Every branch that does not bear fruit He takes away [margin: lifts up; or removes, cuts off]; and every branch that bears fruit He prunes, that it may bear more fruit.” He ends the passage by saying, “By this My Father is glorified, that you bear much fruit; so you will be My disciples” (verse 8). This daily newsletter provides a starting point for personal study, and gives valuable insight into the verses that make up the Word of God. Jesus is merely using their own language. Looking for suggestions on teaching other parables? Parable is just a fancy word for a story. What’s more, God wants this salvation invitation to go out to all. God does it all. As Christians, we reject no one. Even if one is poor, there is pressure to put on a good show. The remaining teaching is individual. The kingdom of Heaven is like a wedding feast. The man was plainly not dressed correctly for this occasion. COL 307.1 When the king arrives, he sees that one of the guests does not have a wedding garment. Notice verses 1-2: “I am the true vine, and My Father is the vinedresser. They see you in that particular form of wearing that garment. Having the man brought forward, the king asked: “Friend, how did you come in here without a wedding garment?” (Matthew 22:12). He was executed as a rebel. 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